Located on an island in the Kaveri River in the Indian state of Karnataka, Srirangapatna Fort is a historical edifice that was built in the 15th century by the local chieftains. It is believed that this fort gained prominence during the reign of Tipu Sultan, who made it his capital in the 18th century.
A popular sightseeing place in Srirangapatna, Srirangapatna Fort is amongst the important landmarks that contain many attractions like the Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, Tipu Sultan’s Summer Palace, and the Gumbaz Mausoleum within its structure. It’s the rich history and cultural significance of this monument that makes it a must-visit for history buffs and tourists alike.
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History of Srirangapatna Fort
Dating its history back to the 15th century, the Srirangapatna Fort was constructed in the year 1454 when the region was under the power of the Vijayanagara Empire. Later, the Wodeyar dynasty came into the picture and the fort was rebuilt on the orders of Kanthirava Narasaraja Wodeyar in 1654.
At the time of Tipu Sultan, many amendments were made to it and it was established as a prime defense base for Tipu Sultan and his army from the Britishers. When the Britishers took over Tipu Sultan in 1799, it is believed that he was killed in this fort. That’s why the fort was also known as Tipu Sultan Fort.
Architecture of Srirangapatna Fort
Boasting an Indo-Islamic style of architecture made of brick and stone, the Srirangapatna Fort has an impressive structure that is surrounded by a moat and features fortifications like ramparts, bastions, and gateways, all of which have been designed to protect from enemy attacks.
At the getaway, you will find 4 gates to enter its premises. Among them, the main gate is Delhi Gate which was built during the reign of Tipu Sultan and is decorated with intricate carvings and inscriptions in Persian.
Another highlight of the Srirangapatna Fort is the Lal Mahal Palace which was earlier used by the rulers of the Mysore Kingdom. The Palace boasts an excellent wooden design with intricate carvings and paintings on the walls and ceilings. It also includes the Daria Daulat Bagh, which is also referred to as the Tipu Summer Palace.
The Srirangapatna Fort has a network of underground tunnels and trenches that were used for defense and as escape routes during enemy attacks. Several cannon emplacements are also there within the fort which were used to defend against enemy attacks. These emplacements are still visible and are a reminder of the fort’s military past.
Another prominent attraction of the Srirangapatna is Jama Masjid which will surely make your day if you get enough time to explore them.
How to Reach Srirangapatna Fort?
Lying on Bangalore-Mysore Highway and at a distance of 20 km away from the city of Mysore is the Srirangapatna Fort and it can be easily accessed by people via road. All those who love traveling via road can catch a state-owned bus from Mysore or Bangalore to reach their desired location on time. For your ease, a list of top car rental companies in Mysore is also available with us. You can book a private cab with an experienced chauffeur to travel within the city at your maximum comfort.